Jose P. Laurel
Only President of the 2nd Republic
Sept. 25, 1943 - Aug. 15, 1945
Born: March 9, 1891
Died: Nov. 6, 1959
Wife: Paciencia Hidalgo
Parents: Sotero Laurel and Jacoba Garcia
Education: Lawyer; UP, and Yale University
Miscellaneous: A distinguished legislator, jurist, writer and administrator
during the pre-war struggle for independence. But his achievements were overshadowed
by his controversial presidency during the Japanese occupation that was in conflict
with the Philippine government-in-exile headed by Quezon, and then later, by Osmena.
But many Filipinos believed that he used his position only to make a harsh military
occupation less difficult. In view of this, he almost won the 1949 election over the
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